Periodontal therapy and surgery techniques are designed to treat diseases of the gums and supporting bone (periodontal disease).
To manage gum disease, the type of treatment that is used depends on the severity of the disease. Upon the initial consultation, dentists will evaluate how far the gum disease has gone. If the condition has not progressed very far, then a regular professional cleaning might be effective in reversing the trend.
If the condition has indeed progressed further, a periodontal therapy and surgery plan can be set up with a periodontist. Usually he or she will start non-surgical periodontal treatment like scaling or root planing. These deep cleanings are very effective at removing calculus (tartar) and returning the gums to proper health.
In advanced cases, periodontal surgery techniques such as periodontal pocket reduction procedures (to reduce gum pockets), gum graft surgery (to cover exposed tooth roots), or regenerative procedures (to regenerate bone and tissue) may be required.
After successful periodontal therapy and surgery, patients will, of course, need to go to their follow-up examinations and follow an appropriate brushing and flossing regimen in order to avoid progression of periodontal disease.